History; From the Middle Ages to the Early Modern Period
The term modern is used to describe innovative or novel concepts. The Early Modern Period should therefore be considered a period of changes with respect to the previous era. However, the Early Modern Period began at the end of the Middle Ages, and between the 15th and 18th centuries in Europe there was also some continuity with the medieval period.
The study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources and political and economic activities.